SHACKELFORD CLAN MAGAZINE
Genealogy of Shackelfords and Shacklefords.
Editor: T. K. Jones, 716 Ave. A, Lubbock, Texas.
.60c A Copy. Published Monthly. .10c A Copy.
Lubbock, Texas. June 1945 Vol 1. No 2.
Motto: A people which takes no pride in the noble achievements of remote ancestors, are not likely to achieve anything worthy to be remembered with pride by remote descendants.
In the May issue we promised you that this month we would take up the subject of the origin of names, and of course, particularly the name of Shackelford-Shackleford.
We had planned to use only pages one and two for the discussion of names, but since the subject cannot be treated fully in one issue, and since we are still without any questions to be answered, we will devote pages one, two and three to the subject, and perhaps then we can complete the subject in two issues of the magazine.
Why we have a family name and what it means to us.
Primitive personal names doubtless originated soon after the invention of spoken language, although the date of their first use is lost in the darkness of ages preceding recorded history. For thousands of years thereafter first or given names were the only designations that men and women bore; and in the dawn of historical times, when the world was less crowded than it is today and every man knew his neighbor, one title or address was sufficient. Only gradually with the passing centuries and the increasing complexity of civilized society did need arise for more specific designation. While the roots of our system of family names may be traced back to early civilized times, actually the hereditary surname as we know it today dates from a time scarcely earlier than nine hundred years ago.
A surname is a name added to a baptismal or Christian name for the purpose of making it more specific, and of indicating family relationship or descent; classified according to origin. Most surnames fall into four general categories: (1) Those formed from the given name of the sire: (2) Those arising from bodily or personal characteristics: (3) Those derived from locality or place of residence: and (4) And those derived from occupation. It is easier to understand the story of the development of our institution of surnames if those classifications are borne in mind.
As early as Biblical times certain distinguishing appellations were occasionally employed in addition to the given name, as for example: Joshua, the son of Nun; Simon, the son of Jonas; Judas, of Galilee; and Simon, the zealot. In ancient Greece daughters were named after their fathers, as Chrysois, daughter of Chrysos. The sons were named usually as an enlarged form of the father's, as Hieronymous, son of Hiero. The Romans, with the rise of their civilization, met the need for heredity designations by inventing a complex system whereby every patrician traced his descent by taking several names. None of them however, exactly corresponded to surnames as we know them, for the clan name; although hereditary, was given also to slaves and other dependents. This system proved to be but a temporary innovation; the overthrow of the Western Empire by barbarian invaders brought about its end and a reversion the the primitive custom of a single name.
The ancient Scandinavians and for the most part, the Germans, had only individual names, and there were no family names strictly speaking among the Celts. But particularly among the Scandinavians, as tribal and family groups grew in size, individual names became inadequate and the need for supplementary appellations began to be felt. One system was a mixture of both names of the father, sort of father's full name in reverse. For example-a man named Ross Ranson would have a son named Rans Rosson.
Among the Celts some of the first to be employed were such terms as "The Strong" "The Hardy" "The Dreadful" "The Stern". The nations of northern Europe soon adopted the practice of adding the father's name
to the sons, as Oscar, son of Carnuth, Dormid, son of Dutno.
The surnames, in the sense of hereditary designations, date in England from about the year 1000. Largely they ere introduced from Normandy, although there are records of Saxon surnames prior to the Norman Conquest. Perhaps the oldest surnames in England is that of Hwita Hatte, a keeper of bees, whose daughter was Pato Hatte. During the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042-1066) there were Saxon tenants in Suffolk bearing such names as Suort Magno, Stigand Soror, Siuward Rufus, and Louric Hobbesune, (Hobson); and the Domesday record of 1085-87, which exhibits some curious combinations of Saxon forenames with Norman family names, shown surnames in still more general use.
By the end of the 12th Century hereditary names had become common in England. But even in 1465 they they were not universal. During the reign of Edward V, a law was passed to compel certain Irish outlaws to adopt surnames. "They shall take unto them a surname, either of some town, or some colour, as Blacke or Brown, or some art or science as Smyth or Carpenter, or some office, as Cooke or Butler". And as late as the beginning of the 19th Century a similar decree compelled Jews in Germany and Austria to add a German surname to the single names whaich (sic) they had used previously.
As stated above, family names may be divided into four general classes according to their origin. One of the largest of those classes is that comprising surnames derived from the given name of the father, as were added to or formed by means of an added prefix of suffix denoting either son of, or a diminutive. English names terminating in son, ing and kin, are of this type; as are also the innumerable names prefixed with the Gaelic Mac; and Norman Fitz; the Welsh Ap; and the Irish O'. Thus John's sons became Johnsons, William's sons became Williamsons, or Wilsons; and the same for Richard's sons, and the final "s" of Richards being a contraction of son.
Neil's sons became MacNeil, Robert's sons became Fitzrobert; son of Thomas became Thomasons or Thomas, Ap. Ap has been dropped from many names of which it was formerly a part. Sons of Riley became O'Rileys.
As stated in the first issue of the Clan Magazine, it shall be our policy to devote pages three and four to the questions of the subscribers; and pages five and six to answering such questions. However, as no questions have reached us thus far we shall devote pages four and five of this issue, also page six, to questions of our own.
But before asking any questions or making any requests, we wish to thank the following persons for their subscriptions to the Clan Magazine. We hope they will be pleased, we know we shall strive to make it possible.
Mrs R. S. Watkins, Green Acres Plantation, Marks, Miss.; who also included a subscription for her sister-Mrs E. M. Walton, Beulah, Miss; and Mrs Myrtle Jones, of Belen, Miss.; Mrs J. B. Shackelford, Hollyhurst Plantation, Jones, La.; Mrs A. C. Ellis, Rt 3, Box 93, Los Gatos, Calif.; Mrs Drucilla Shackelford, 1220 S. E. Second, Evansville, Indiana.; Mrs Margaret S. McGuinn, Rt 4, Box 58, Spartanburg, S. C.; Rev Franklin S. Moseley, Box 7, Marion Junction, Ala.; Helen Shackelford, 64 Allenhurst Road, Buffalo, New York.; and R. C. Shackelford, Box 1451, Wilmington, North Carolina.
And right here and now we wish to introduce one of our very fine Shackelford cousins. Rev Franklin Shackelford Moseley, of Marion Junction, Alabama. To him goes a great deal of credit for it being possible for us to publish the Clan Magazine. Rev Moseley is co-author of the book "George Shackelford-Annette Jeter and Descendants", published 1941, and Rev Moseley gave this writer all the data in his possession that he did not use in the publication of his book. Also a place to stay while copying his data, which required seven daya (sic). Thanks again Rev Moseley, and may God bless you in your labors.
We wish to also introdue (sic) another very special Shackelford cousin-Mrs Margaret S. McGuinn, of Spartanburg, S. C. To her also goes a lot of credit for material that makes the publication of the clan possible. She has not only contributed a great deal of the material that will appear in the magazine from time to time, but is continuing to
do so. She also entertained the Editor on two different occasions, and we are happy to state, proved to be as charming as a hostess as she is loyal in genealogical activities. She also publishes a magazine that she calls "Chadwick Chat", and we feel certain that she will appreciate any Chadwick data that any one can pass along.
And there are many others that hve (sic) contributed to a more or less extent, and whom we wish to that for their help and loyalty. We will mention each of them as time and space permits, by name.
The real purpose, the motive for this little work, along with the time spent and the expenses incurred, is to publish a history of the Shackelford-Shackleford families and their descendants. Not just one particular branch, but all of them, from the original immigrant down to the present generation. Therefore, to all whom this little leaflet shall come; please do not throw it away, but pass it along to some one else. But first, if you possibly can, send along all the data of your branch of the family to The Clan Magazine please. Go as far back as you can, father, mother, grandfather, grandmother, and so on back. Then add as many of each generation as possible. Include all full names, names of children that died in infancy or childhood, all adults whether dead or living. Show dates of birth, marriage and death wherever possible. Also places of birth and death. Give maiden names of all wives, and the present address of any Shackelford-Shackleford descendants that you know about. If you do not have information of the older generations, then send along a record of your own immediate family and whatever other information that you may have.
We would like to have a record of the military service of any and all who have served in any capacity during any war in which our country has been involved. We particularly want records fo (sic) decorations for meritorious services.
"If the ego of some people was any more inflated it might lift them off them off the ground"-overheard.
Now here are some questions that we will appreciate having answered by any one who may know. Some of them are repeats from last month, but since many are to receive the magazine this month that never received it last month, we believe it worthwhile repeating. Can any one give us any information of the following families?:
Richard Shackelford-Martha (Patsy) Spears, married in Albemarle County, Virginia.
Edward Shackelford-Mary Peasley, married Madison County, Ky. John Shackelford, son of Roger Shackelford and Nancy Ann Carter, said to have married in Virginia, probably Albemarle County:
James Shackelford-Margaret (Peggy) Simpson, married in Madison Co, Ky. Roger Shackelford-Elizabeth Stewart, also married in Madison County, Ky., 1796.
Carter Shackelford-Susan Briscoe, married in Franklin County, Ky., and was still there in 1810.
James Busby-Elizabeth Shackelford, married in Albemarle Co, Va., but moved to Bourbon County, Ky.
A Mr Porter who married Sarah Shackelford, probably in Albemarle County, Va.
William Shackelford, son of William Shackelford and Elizabeth Moore, born about 1795-1800, and who was living in Edmonson Co, Ky., as late as 1820.
Joseph Camp-Nancy Shackelford; Otha Word or Ward-Lucy Shackelford, both of Edmonson County, Ky.
Allen Shackelford-Eliza Reynolds; Merlin Shackelford-Sarah (Sally) Anderson; William H. Drake-Mary (Polly) Shackelford; Milton Shackelford-Elizabeth ??, all of Edmonson or Franklin Counties, Ky., and all of whom may have been "Shakers".
David Howard-Francine (Sinai) Shackelford, who married in Warren County, Ky., and later moved to Cooper or Saline County, Mo., or Pettis County, Mo.
McClung Stroud, and Sabina Shackelford; and the following: James, Richard, Eliza, Wiley A., and Elizabeth Shackelford, all of whom were in Edmonson County, Kentucky, as late as 1829.
James B. Shackelford, born in Henderson County, Tenn., 1840, and who married Harriet Beale, about 1863, and was in Jefferson County, Ky., in 1870.
William J. and William R. Shackelford, both born in Henderson Co, Tenn., and who are said to have enlisted in the Union Army during the war between the States, and were never heard from again.
Gregory C. Doyle, married Harriet Eliza Shackelford, probably in Edmonson Co, or Warren County, Ky., and said to have had the following children: William Scott, Woodford, Sarah (Called Sally). Benjamin, Percy or Perry, Jacob, Mary, Eliza and Isaac.
Of the above, William Scott is said to have married Mary Keith. Woodford Doyle married 1st America Hicks, and 2nd Emily Owens; Sarah (Sally), married John Butler; Jacob Doyle married Georgia A. Sturgeon; Mary Doyle married Edward Dennison. Query: who did Isaac and Eliza Doyle married (sic)?
Thomas R. Mills is said to have married Clara Dale Shackelford, and had the following children: Lewis Russell and Elmer. Lived in Cooper, Saline or Pettis County, Mo.
Thomas M. Simms is said to have married Hulda Shackelford, and to have had the following children: Belle Boyd, Nadine, Blanche, Frand, Leonard, Joseph, George, Lewis and Lester.
James Marlin, said to have married Sarah L. Shackelford and to have had the following children: Dudley, Thomas, Joseph, Katherine, Cynthia, and Belle.
Henry Clay Hieronymous is said to have married Leander Dale Shackelford, and to have had the following children: Lillian, Musetta, Frank, Charles, Ina, Maud and Cynthia.
William L. Pearson, is said to have married Harriet B. Shackelford, and to have had the following children: Clara Belle, Joseph L., Stella H., Pearl May, Norene Cynthia and Eugene. The Pearson family probably lived in Pettis County, Missouri.
William C. Doyle, said to have married Edilene T. Shackelford, and to ;have had the children children (sic): Eliza Jane, Cynthia, Luther, Sarah, and Janie. these people lived in Edmonson Co, Ky., but probably went to Pettis or Saline County, Missouri.
Sons and daughters of William C. Doyle are said to have married as follows: Eliza Jane married Ben Turley, Cynthia married Jim Dennison, Luther marr-Cassie Staples, Sarah married Peter Rink, and Janie married David Isbell.
Anyone having Bible, cemetery or genealogical records of the families or descendants of those mentioned on pages five and six and seven, please send them to us.
The Editor would like to make The Shackelford Clan Magazine a sort of a clearing house for genealogical information of Shackelfords. So please send along all births, marriages and deaths of any Shackelfords or descendants that you know about. All of them will be published in the magazine.
Thus far no births have been reported this month. But one marriage was reported.
Ruth Jowers, daughter of Clemuel Etherage and Ruby Ann Shackelford-Jowers, of Lexington, Tenn., became the bride of Alvis Johnson, May 5, 1945. Alvis Johnson was an overseas veteran, having served overseas some two and one half years. Details of his service or of the wedding were not given.
The Shackelford Clan Magazine regrets to announce the passing of two members during the month of May.
Grover Hart Lewis, born in Henderson Co, Tenn., May 26, 1886: and husband of Ada Lee Shackelford, passed to his eternal reward May 7, 1945. To that union were born twelve children, all of whom, along with his wife and many other relatives and friends survive. Details were not given.
Albert Clarence Ellis, son of Stephen Allen Ellis, Vienna Walker, grandson of Elbert Walker and Nancy D. Shackelford; husband of Marie Bell, and father of Doris Irene Bergman and Rosalie Goodwin, born at Metz, Mo., July 25, 1881, and died May 13, 1945, after a long illness.
Mr. Ellis was a Mason, member of the California Rotary Club, Saratoga Men's Club, and Methodist Church. Los Gatos, Calif, and services were held at the Methodist Church, Los Gatos, Calif, May 16, 1945, 2:00 P.M. Officiating was the Rev Samuel J. Chancy. Internment in the Madronia Cemetery, Saratoga, Calif.
To the bereaved we offer our profound sympathy and admonition to read Matthew 25:21.
Until next month, Adios-The Editor.
Transcribed by Sandra A. Shackelford
May 8, 1998
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